346 TOOTH GERMS IN WHALEBONE WHALES CHAP. driven upwards by the forcible expulsion of air from the lungs. But for the most part the water which is spouted is simply condensed breath. like some, but not all, other aquatic Mammalia the Whales have apparently no external ear. Indeed the opening of the ear is excessively small. In a huge Rorqual it will " admit a quillw; aad although " a quill" is rather vague, we may fairly allow any sized quill without proving that the orifice of the auditory passage is anything but exceedingly minute. As a proof, added to so many, that the Whales are the progeny of terrestrial creatures, we have the occasional traces of external ears.1 FIQ. 182,—Left lower jaw of foetus of Bala&noptera rosfrata. Inner aspect, natural sizes showing teeth. (After Julin.) Whalebone Whales never possess permanent teeth as well as the baleen; but in the foetus are more than traces of true teeth, which, however, never arrive at maturity. The whalebone itself is described later (p. 3 5 4). That the Whalebone Whales possess teeth while in the foetal condition was discovered so long ago as 1807. It has since been confirmed by many observers. Not only is there one set of teeth developed in the foetal Salaenoptera but two, of which one comes to a greater maturity; the other, in fact, remaining at a very early stage of development. The more complete dentition belongs to the milk series, as is the case with the Toothed Whales. A very interesting conclusion with regard to the derivation of the simple conical teeth of Whales seems to follow from the development of these structures in JBalaenopterd. There are in the young foetus fewer teeth than in the more advanced embryo. Now in the younger embryo some of the teeth are furnished with more than one cusp; they are bi- or even tri-coaodont. As Sir H. Owen, observed, the teeth—some of * Tlieae have been recorded by Professor Howes in ike Porpoise.